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Some interesting links

Prof. Paul Gepts' course in Crop evolution at UCLA

The Plant List

The Society for Economic Botany

PROSEA: Plant Resources of South-East Asia

PROTA: Plant Resources of Tropical Africa

The Journal Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution


Key references for Winged Bean Origins

For a complete Bibliography click on "Sources"

Burkill, I. H. 1906. Psophocarpus tetragonolobus: Goa beans in India. The Agricultural Ledger 4: 101-114.

Chandel, K. P. S., K. C. Pant, and R. D. Arora. 1984. Winged Bean in India. NBPGR Sci. Monogr. No. 8. National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, New Delhi.

Erskine, W. 1978. The genetics of winged bean. Pages 29-35 in The Winged Bean: Papers presented in the First International Symposium on Developing the Potentials of the Winged Bean. January, 1978. Philippine Council for Agriculture and Resources Research. Los Banos, Philippines.

Harder, D. K. 1996. Evolution and speciation within Psophocarpus and the origin of the cultivated winged bean, Psophocarpus tetragonolubus (L.) DC. Pages 41-51 in B. Pickersgill and J. M. Lock, eds., Advances in Legume Systematics 8: Legumes of Economic Importance. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Harder, D.K., P.M.L. Onyembe, and T. Musasa. 1990. The uses, nutritional composition and ecogeography of four species in the genus Psophocarpus (Fabaceae, Phaseoleae) in Zaire. Economic Botany 44: 391-409.

Hymowitz, T., and J. Boyd. 1977. Origin, ethnobotany and agricultural potential of the winged bean - Psophocarpus tetragonolobus. Economic Botany 31: 180-188.

Khan, T. N. 1976. Papua New Guinea: a centre of diversity in winged bean (Psophocarpus tetragonolobus (L.) DC.). Euphytica 25: 693-706.

Maxted, N. 1990. A phenetic investigation of Psophocarpus Neck. ex DC. (Leguminosae-Phaseoleae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 102: 103-122.

N.A.S. 1975. The Winged Bean. A High Protein Crop for the Tropics, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC.

Powell, J. M., A. Kulunga, R. Moge, C. Pono, F. Zimike, and J. Golson. 1975. Agricultural Traditions of the Mount Hagen Area. Paper No. 12, Dept. Geography, University of Papua New Guinea.

Rumphius, G. E. 1747. Lobus quadrangularis. Herbarii Amboinensis 5: 374,t.133.

Sastrapradja, S. and S. H. AminahLubis. 1975. Psophocarpus tetragonolobus as a minor garden vegetable. Pages 147-151 in South East Asian Plant Genetic Resources, Lembaga Biologi Nasional, LIPI, Bogor, Indonesia.

Smartt, J. 1980. Some observations on the origin and evolution of the winged bean (Psophocarpus tetragonolobus). Euphytica. 29: 121-123.

Verdcourt, B., and P. Halliday. 1978. A revision of Psophocarpus (Leguminosae-papilionoideae-Phaseoleae). Kew Bulletin 33: 191-227.

  For a complete Bibliography click on "Sources"